Duties of Electricians/Обязанности электриков

Duties of Electricians.

1. Electricians are directly responsible to electrical engineers.
2. Marine electricians are to know the construction, the principle of operation, characteristics and the use of shipboard electrical equipment.
3. They are to know in detail the procedure used in diagnosing a troubleshooting and the steps recommended to trace the fault.
4. They are to list some of the causes, e. g., why the motor may fail to start, detect the trouble and remedy the fault when found.
5. They must know the consequencies which may result from poor and careless operation. They must be able to operate all sorts of shipboard electrical equipment.
6. Besides, they are to know the operational and constructional features of all units of the shipboard electrical installation.
7. They are to know how to use fire-fighting devices especially in the engine-room.
8. They are to take part in maintaining and repairing all shipboard electrical equipment.
9. They are to adhere strictly to all the regulations and instructions concerning maintenance of electrical equipment and safety rules.
10. They are to keep watches according to the schedule on board ship with electrical propulsion. The most important items of electrical equipment are subjected to their supervision:

a) generating sets;
b) electric motors;
c) transformers;
d) switchboards;
e) control and monitoring panels;
f) electric couplings and brakes;
g) starting protection, control units and switchgear;
h) apparatuses and devices of internal communication;
i) automatic circuit- breakers and contacts;
j) relays and protective apparatuses;
k) accumulators;
l) cables;
m) other equipment and devices not listed above.

11. While passing through narrows and canals, when leaving or entering a port and when mooring they are to keep watches in the fixed place.
12. They are subordinated to all instructions of the chief engineer and they are to do all sorts of work which might not be in their line.
13. But these they are allowed to do only after having been taught all the regulations including safety rules and not before they have got the certificate.
14. Electricians coming on watch must be in the engine-room at least five minutes before the hour of taking charge.
15. They must, before relieving the electrician on watch, examine electrical equipment and devices.
16. They are to get all the information about the state of the equipment and devices from the relieved electrician.
17. During the watch they are to supervise the operation of the equipment and devices.
18. They are to fulfil the commands of the electrical engineer or an engineer on watch to ensure the normal operation of the machine and devices.
19. In case of a trouble they are to report to the electrical engineer, at the same time take measures to locate the cause of the trouble and try to eliminate it.
20. If there is a threat of damage, or life of people is in danger they are to report to the electrical engineer and take necessary and bold measures to eliminate the cause.
21. In case of fire or flood they are to report the alarm and take all emergency measures to prevent the fire or flood from spreading.
22. They are to keep everything in the engine-room clean and in good order.

Выдержка из: Т.Ю.Кущ, М.С.Воловник/Английский язык для судовых электромехаников. ENGLISH FOR MARINE ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS. 1986  


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